President Trump accepted the Republican Party’s nomination for a second term on Thursday, joining a general-election contest against Joseph R. Biden Jr. that he and his party cast this week as a crusade against left-wing ideology and violent social disorder, fought against the backdrop of a virus that Republicans largely described as a temporary handicap on the economy.
Mr. Trump misrepresented his own record on the coronavirus, part of a broader attempt to minimize his lapses in office and turn a harsh light toward Mr. Biden, the moderate Democratic nominee. The president also repeatedly accused his opponent and Democrats of failing to take on rioters, though Mr. Biden has condemned recent acts of violence, and of harboring designs to restructure the American economic system along socialist lines.
Mr. Trump, by contrast, adopted the role of a defender of traditional American values and an unbending ally of the police.
“Your vote will decide whether we protect law-abiding Americans, or whether we give free rein to violent anarchists, agitators and criminals who threaten our citizens,” Mr. Trump said, standing on a stage on the South Lawn of the White House. “And this election will decide whether we will defend the American way of life, or whether we allow a radical movement to completely dismantle and destroy it. That won’t happen.”
Much of the night was given over to unusually explicit rebuttals to Mr. Trump’s vulnerabilities: Seldom if ever has a political party spent so much time during a convention insisting in explicit terms that its nominee was not a racist or a sexist, and that its standard-bearer was, perhaps despite public appearances, a person of empathy and good character. Ben Carson, the lone Black member of Mr. Trump’s cabinet, argued that people who call the president a racist “could not be more wrong.”
It was not only on matters of character that voters were asked to trust the assertions of Mr. Trump’s family members and political allies over their own perceptions of reality. On no subject was that dynamic more dominant than the coronavirus pandemic: With only a few exceptions, nearly every speaker who mentioned the virus sidestepped the scale of its devastation and what is likely to be a slow and painful recovery.
Several speakers, including Vice President Mike Pence, hailed Mr. Trump as a Churchillian leader in the most trying of times. It was an attempt — not through the deft deployment of facts but through sheer force of assertion — to persuade the majority of voters who believe Mr. Trump mismanaged the coronavirus crisis that, in fact, the opposite is true.
The very staging of the convention on Thursday appeared designed to send a signal that the virus was a thing of the past, even as the U.S. death toll neared 180,000. Guests on the lawn were packed into rows of chairs in plain violation of social-distancing guidelines, and few face coverings were in evidence.
The program took on an atmosphere of pomp and celebration with Mr. Trump’s arrival late in the evening, as he and the first lady, Melania Trump, made their entrance down the White House stairs like the guests of honor at a gala. And when Mr. Trump concluded his speech, the atmosphere of festivity erupted again in the form of a bellowing opera singer and exploding fireworks that put an exclamation point on a convention determined not to be overtaken by a continuing crisis of mass death and economic adversity.
Mr. Trump spoke from a prepared text, reading an address that sounded less like one of his campaign-trail diatribes than a State of the Union-style recitation of his achievements and goals. Underscoring the scripted nature of the speech, Mr. Trump misspoke in a high-profile, symbolic moment: “I profoundly accept this nomination,” he declared, though the word in his prepared text was “proudly.”
Mr. Trump leveled numerous false or misleading attacks on Democrats, in some cases taking up claims that have already been debunked, like the assertion that Democrats declined to say “under God” during the pledge of allegiance at their convention last week and the baseless charge that Mr. Biden’s party wants to “demolish the suburbs.”
And extending a tension that defined much of the week, Mr. Trump again drove an inconsistent message on criminal justice, bragging of his own efforts to make the system more merciful while claiming that Democrats’ support for more lenient policies would result in hordes of criminals pouring “onto your streets and into your neighborhoods.”
Mr. Trump repeatedly used blistering language to attack his challenger. He said that Mr. Biden, the former vice president, “is not the savior of America’s soul — he is the destroyer of America’s jobs and, if given the chance, he will be the destroyer of American greatness.”
“Joe Biden spent his entire career outsourcing the dreams of American workers, offshoring their jobs, opening their borders and sending their sons and daughters to fight in endless foreign wars,” he said.
Mr. Trump chastised Mr. Biden for raising the possibility of future economic shutdowns in response to the pandemic, accusing him of seeking to “surrender” to the virus. The president insisted once again that the economy and public schools must reopen swiftly, though public opinion polls have shown that most Americans are wary of a speedy return to life as usual while the virus continues to spread.
To applause, he recited some of what he described as some of his biggest accomplishments, speaking with particular passion about an issue that has been central to his political identity: cracking down on immigration. “Today, America’s borders are more secure than ever before,” he said.
He boasted about his administration’s efforts to build a border wall, but did not mention how slow the work had been or that he had failed, as he promised in 2016, to get Mexico to pay for it. “The wall will soon be complete, and it is working beyond our wildest expectations,” Mr. Trump said.
On this and its previous three nights, the convention displayed Mr. Trump’s overpowering grip on the Republican Party, with his relatives, staff members and political loyalists dominating the speaking roster, and once-prominent party leaders like Mitt Romney relegated to political exile for the apostasy of criticizing the president.
In just four years, Mr. Trump demolished what was once a small-government, free-trade ideological framework and replaced it with his own ethos of nationalism. While Mr. Trump has preserved elements of the traditional Republican agenda — cutting taxes, eliminating business regulations and appointing conservative judges — the issues that animate him most are those that strike at themes of national pride, sovereignty, race and immigration. And those themes are now the main thrust of the party’s message in the 2020 election.
The fourth night of the convention unfolded amid new crises churning across the country: Hurricane Laura, a vast and powerful storm, was tearing through parts of the South, while in the swing state of Wisconsin tension lingered over the police shooting of Jacob Blake and the chaotic protests it set off.
Mr. Trump was introduced by his elder daughter, Ivanka Trump, who walked out to the song “I’m Still Standing” by Elton John. Standing at a lectern over the presidential seal, she offered a long and detail case for her father that was at once personal, political and stylistic.
“I know his tweets can feel a bit unfiltered,” said Ms. Trump, who is a senior adviser to the president. “But the results speak for themselves.”
She presented him as being one of the first to grasp the threat of the coronavirus, reinforcing a revisionist theme of the convention. And she portrayed him as a doting grandfather who was moved to tears upon learning about deaths caused by the virus. “Washington has not changed Donald Trump,” she said to a crowd that burst into chants of “four more years.” “Donald Trump has changed Washington.”
The program on Thursday night included an early appearance by Mitch McConnell, the Senate majority leader. In a speech that would not have been out of place at a Republican convention a decade or two ago, Mr. McConnell praised Mr. Trump but spent most of his time warning of Democrats’ liberal aspirations, sometimes casting them in outlandish-sounding terms.
The opposing party, Mr. McConnell said, wants to “pack the Supreme Court with liberals intent on eroding our constitutional rights” and to regulate “even how many hamburgers you can eat.” While he called for voters to support Mr. Trump, he also asked them to back Republican candidates running for the Senate, in a departure from the convention’s almost exclusive focus on the president. “We are the firewall against Nancy Pelosi’s agenda,” Mr. McConnell said of Republicans in his chamber.
Rudolph W. Giuliani, the former New York City mayor, delivered an inflammatory speech maligning New York, a city from which Mr. Trump self-deported to Florida, and portraying the president as a bulwark against anarchy in cities.
“New Yorkers wonder, ‘How did we get overwhelmed by crime so quickly and decline so fast?’” said Mr. Giuliani, who forged a national reputation for the decline in crime in New York during his tenure, but was criticized for episodes of abuse of force by the police against Black men. “Don’t let Democrats do to America what they have done to New York.”
Mr. Giuliani called Mr. Biden a “Trojan horse” for others waiting to carry out a “pro-criminal” agenda.
Senator Tom Cotton of Arkansas, a military veteran who is considering a 2024 presidential campaign, delivered a biting speech in a muted tone, contrasting what he called Mr. Biden’s long record of misjudgment in foreign policy against Mr. Trump’s sturdy leadership.
Jabbing at Mr. Biden for having supported international trade deals and avoiding confrontation with China, Mr. Cotton said the former vice president “would be as wrong and weak over the next four years as he has been for the last 50.” And Mr. Cotton, who has been a harsh critic of Black Lives Matter protesters, alluded derisively to a signature act of the racial-justice demonstrations as he rebuked Mr. Biden. “We need a president who stands up for America,” Mr. Cotton said, “not one who takes a knee.”
In a week when organizers presented a succession of Black speakers to challenge the idea that Mr. Trump was racist, Ben Carson, the secretary of housing and urban development who is the only Black member of the cabinet, offered one of the strongest defenses of Mr. Trump. “Many on the other side love to incite division by claiming that President Trump is a racist,” he said. “They could not be more wrong.”
Although the Republican convention lacked a cohesive theme, it consistently sought to treat Mr. Biden as a threat to traditional American society, and to emphasize the need for a president who sternly enforced public order and was closely aligned with the police. The party has taken up law and order as perhaps its primary political cause in recent months, after the killing of George Floyd in May led to a sweeping national protest movement against racism and police brutality, and in some cities spilled into scenes of vandalism and arson.
That continued on Thursday as the fallout over the shooting of Mr. Blake unfolded in the Midwest.
Kellyanne Conway, the outgoing White House aide who spoke at the convention on Wednesday night, suggested in unusually plain terms on Fox News on Thursday morning that she regarded scenes of public disorder as politically useful.
“The more chaos and anarchy and vandalism and violence reigns,” Ms. Conway said, “the better it is for the very clear choice on who’s best on public safety and law and order.”
Both Mr. Biden and his running mate, Senator Kamala Harris of California, used appearances on Thursday to condemn instances of rioting. In back-to-back television interviews, Mr. Biden said that Mr. Trump was deliberately “pouring gasoline on the fire” of social unrest for his own political purposes, citing Ms. Conway’s morning remarks as proof.
Hours before Mr. Trump appeared, Ms. Harris delivered a scorching pre-emptive strike on the president’s record on the coronavirus crisis. Speaking in Washington, she criticized the Republican convention for having minimized the virus, saying the event was “designed for one purpose: to soothe Donald Trump’s ego.” Giving a point-by-point critique of Mr. Trump’s handling of the pandemic, Ms. Harris said Americans should recognize the cost of his errors.
Adam Nagourney contributed reporting.