Novavax: Massive examine finds COVID-19 shot about 90% efficient

The 2-shot vaccine was about 90% efficient total, and preliminary information confirmed it was protected, the American biotechnology firm stated. That might put the vaccine about on par with Pfizer’s and Moderna’s.

That assist remains to be months away, nevertheless. The corporate says it plans to hunt authorization for the pictures within the U.S., Europe and elsewhere by the top of September and can be capable of produce as much as 100 million doses a month by then.

“Lots of our first doses will go to … low- and middle-income international locations, and that was the objective to start with,” Novavax Chief Govt Stanley Erck stated.

Whereas greater than half of the U.S. inhabitants has had at the very least one vaccine dose, lower than 1 p.c of individuals within the creating world have had one shot, in line with Our World In Knowledge.

The Pfizer, Moderna and Johnson & Johnson vaccines are already approved to be used within the U.S. and Europe. Europe additionally makes use of AstraZeneca’s formulation.

Novavax’s examine concerned almost 30,000 individuals ages 18 and up. Two-thirds obtained two doses of the vaccine, three weeks aside, and the remaining bought dummy pictures.

There have been 77 circumstances of COVID-19 — 14 within the group that bought the vaccine, the remaining in volunteers who obtained the dummy pictures. None within the vaccine group had reasonable or extreme illness, in contrast with 14 within the placebo group.

The vaccine was equally efficient in opposition to a number of variants, together with the one first detected in Britain that’s dominant within the U.S., and in high-risk populations, together with the aged and folks with different well being issues.

Unintended effects have been largely delicate — tenderness and ache on the injection web site. There have been no experiences of surprising blood clots or coronary heart issues, Erck stated.

Novavax reported the leads to a information launch and plans to publish them in a medical journal, the place they are going to be vetted by impartial consultants. The Gaithersburg, Maryland-based firm beforehand launched findings from smaller research in Britain and South Africa.

COVID-19 vaccines prepare the physique to acknowledge the coronavirus, particularly the spike protein that coats it, and prepare to struggle the virus off. The Novavax vaccine is made with lab-grown copies of that protein. That is completely different from a few of the different vaccines now broadly used, which embrace genetic directions for the physique to make its personal spike protein.

The Novavax vaccine will be saved in commonplace fridges, making it simpler to distribute.

Novavax beforehand introduced manufacturing delays due to provide shortages. The corporate now expects to achieve manufacturing of 100 million doses a month by the top of September and 150 million doses a month by December.

The corporate has dedicated to supplying 110 million doses to the U.S. over the following 12 months and a complete of 1.1 billion doses to creating international locations.

In Could, vaccines alliance Gavi, a pacesetter of the U.N.-backed COVAX challenge to supply pictures to poorer international locations, introduced it had signed an settlement to purchase 350 million doses of Novavax’s formulation. COVAX is dealing with a essential scarcity of vaccines after its largest provider in India suspended exports till the top of the 12 months.

Novavax has been engaged on creating vaccines for greater than three a long time however hasn’t introduced one to market. Its coronavirus vaccine work is partly funded by the U.S. authorities.

Dr. Peter English, a vaccines professional beforehand with the British Medical Affiliation, known as the Novavax outcomes “good news.” English stated that as a result of vaccine manufacturing is difficult, it’s essential to have as many pictures as doable.

“Any minor imperfection within the manufacturing plant can shut down the manufacturing for days or perhaps weeks,” he stated in a press release. “The extra completely different producers we’ve producing vaccine, the extra probably it’s we could have availability of vaccines.”

He stated it was encouraging information that Novavax would be capable of adapt its vaccine to any doubtlessly worrying variants sooner or later if vital.


Observe Linda A. Johnson on Twitter: LindaJ—onPharma


AP Medical Author Maria Cheng contributed to this report.


The Related Press Well being and Science Division receives help from the Howard Hughes Medical Institute’s Division of Science Schooling. The AP is solely chargeable for all content material.

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