Coronavirus: Intensive care and different key phrases defined

  • Antibodies take a look at

    A medical take a look at that may present if an individual has had the coronavirus and now has some immunity. The take a look at detects antibodies within the blood, that are produced by the physique to combat off the illness.

  • Asymptomatic

    Somebody who has a illness however doesn’t have any of the signs it causes. Some research recommend some individuals with coronavirus carry the illness however do not present the widespread signs, resembling a persistent cough or excessive temperature.

  • Containment part

    The primary a part of the UK’s technique to cope with the coronavirus, which concerned making an attempt to establish contaminated individuals early and hint anybody who had been in shut contact with them.

  • Coronavirus

    One in all a gaggle of viruses that may trigger extreme or gentle sickness in people and animals. The coronavirus at the moment sweeping the world causes the illness Covid-19. The widespread chilly and influenza (flu) are different forms of coronaviruses.

  • Covid-19

    The illness attributable to the coronavirus first detected in Wuhan, China, in late 2019. It primarily impacts the lungs.

  • Delay part

    The second a part of the UK’s technique to cope with the coronavirus, through which measures resembling social distancing are used to delay its unfold.

  • Fastened penalty discover

    A wonderful designed to cope with an offence on the spot, as a substitute of in court docket. These are sometimes for driving offences, however now additionally cowl anti-social behaviour and breaches of the coronavirus lockdown.

  • Flatten the curve

    Well being specialists use a line on a chart to point out numbers of latest coronavirus instances. If lots of people get the virus in a brief time period, the road may rise sharply and look a bit like a mountain. Nevertheless, taking measures to scale back infections can unfold instances out over an extended interval and means the “curve” is flatter. This makes it simpler for well being methods to manage.

  • Flu

    Brief for influenza, a virus that routinely causes illness in people and animals, in seasonal epidemics.

  • Furlough

    Helps corporations hit by coronavirus by quickly serving to pay the wages of some employees. It permits staff to stay on the payroll, though they don’t seem to be working.

  • Herd immunity

    How the unfold of a illness slows after a sufficiently massive proportion of a inhabitants has been uncovered to it.

  • Immune

    An individual whose physique can face up to or fend off a illness is alleged to be proof against it. As soon as an individual has recovered from the illness attributable to the coronavirus, Covid-19, for instance, it’s thought they can not catch it once more for a sure time period.

  • Incubation interval

    The time period between catching a illness and beginning to show signs.

  • Intensive care

    Hospital wards which deal with sufferers who’re very unwell. They’re run by specially-trained healthcare employees and include specialist gear.

  • Lockdown

    Restrictions on motion or every day life, the place public buildings are closed and other people instructed to remain at residence. Lockdowns have been imposed in a number of nations as a part of drastic efforts to regulate the unfold of the coronavirus.

  • Mitigation part

    The third a part of the UK’s technique to cope with the coronavirus, which is able to contain makes an attempt to minimize the impression of a excessive variety of instances on public companies. This might imply the NHS halting all non-critical care and police responding to main crimes and emergencies solely.

  • NHS 111

    The NHS’s 24-hour telephone and on-line service, which gives medical recommendation to anybody who wants it. Folks in England and Wales are suggested to ring the service if they’re frightened about their signs. In Scotland, they need to test NHS inform, then ring their GP in workplace hours or 111 out of hours. In Northern Eire, they need to name their GP.

  • Outbreak

    A number of instances of a illness occurring quickly, in a cluster or completely different areas.

  • Pandemic

    An epidemic of great illness spreading quickly in lots of nations concurrently.

  • Section 2

    That is when the UK will begin to carry a few of its lockdown guidelines whereas nonetheless making an attempt to scale back the unfold of coronavirus.

  • PPE

    PPE, or private protecting gear, is clothes and package resembling masks, aprons, gloves and goggles utilized by medical employees, care staff and others to guard themselves in opposition to an infection from coronavirus sufferers and different individuals who is likely to be carrying the illness.

  • Quarantine

    The isolation of individuals uncovered to a contagious illness to forestall its unfold.

  • R0

    R0, pronounced “R-naught”, is the common quantity of people that will catch the illness from a single contaminated individual. If the R0 of coronavirus in a selected inhabitants is 2, then on common every case will create two extra new instances. The worth due to this fact offers a sign of how a lot the an infection might unfold.

  • Recession

    This occurs when there’s a important drop in revenue, jobs and gross sales in a rustic for 2 consecutive three-month durations.

  • Sars

    Extreme acute respiratory syndrome, a kind of coronavirus that emerged in Asia in 2003.

  • Self-isolation

    Staying inside and avoiding all contact with different individuals, with the intention of stopping the unfold of a illness.

  • Social distancing

    Retaining away from different individuals, with the intention of slowing down transmission of a illness. The federal government advises not seeing buddies or family apart from these you reside with, working from residence the place attainable and avoiding public transport.

  • State of emergency

    Measures taken by a authorities to limit every day life whereas it offers with a disaster. This will contain closing faculties and workplaces, proscribing the motion of individuals and even deploying the armed forces to help the common emergency companies.

  • Statutory instrument

    These can be utilized by authorities ministers to implement new legal guidelines or rules, or change present legal guidelines. They’re a better various to passing a full Act of Parliament.

  • Signs

    Any signal of illness, triggered by the physique’s immune system because it makes an attempt to combat off the an infection. The primary signs of the coronavirus are a fever, dry cough and shortness of breath.

  • Vaccine

    A therapy that causes the physique to supply antibodies, which combat off a illness, and provides immunity in opposition to additional an infection.

  • Ventilator

    A machine that takes over respiratory for the physique when illness has brought on the lungs to fail.

  • Virus

    A tiny agent that copies itself contained in the residing cells of any organism. Viruses could cause these cells to die and interrupt the physique’s regular chemical processes, inflicting illness.

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