A College of Arizona scientist and his 5 college students stated pure underground caverns on the moon may very well be used to retailer frozen samples of Earth’s species with a view to shield biodiversity within the occasion of worldwide disaster
TUCSON, Ariz. — Pure underground caverns on the moon may very well be used to retailer frozen samples of Earth’s species with a view to shield biodiversity within the occasion of worldwide disaster, in accordance with a College of Arizona scientist and his college students.
Jekan Thanga, a professor of aerospace and mechanical engineering, and 5 of his college students introduced a paper earlier this month on the idea in the course of the worldwide IEEE Aerospace Convention, which was held just about this 12 months, the Arizona Every day Star reported.
Thanga stated the underground organic repository would function a backup copy of frozen seeds, spores, sperm and egg samples from most Earth species. The specimens could be stored secure contained in the caves carved by molten lava a whole lot of ft beneath the floor of the moon.
The caves, some massive sufficient to carry a 30-story constructing, might be reached by rocket from Earth in 4 to 5 days and supply an surroundings primarily undisturbed for the previous 3 to 4 billion years, scientists stated.
College doctoral candidate Álvaro Díaz-Flores Caminero and undergraduate scholar Claire Pedersen had been the lead authors of the paper. They stated the thought got here from the biblical story of Noah’s Ark, however as a substitute of two of each animal the lunar ark would retailer 50 samples from every of the chosen species in a high-tech archive manned by robots and powered with photo voltaic panels. The group has been researching concepts amid international disaster for at the least seven years.
“There’s nothing like that on planet Earth. There’s nothing as safe,” Thanga stated, including that it serves as “an insurance coverage coverage” within the occasion of worldwide disaster.
Thanga estimates that it may take as little as 5 years and 15 area launches to create the repository.
Thanga additionally stated it will be much like that of the Svalbard Seed Financial institution, an present repository in Norway that holds a whole lot of hundreds of plant samples. As a substitute, the one on the moon would maintain as many as 1 million totally different seed packets.
The group hopes to ship 6.7 million species to the moon, representing as much as 90% of all recognized vegetation and animals, minus these that can’t be cryogenically preserved, he stated. It’s unclear what is going to occur to the samples as soon as on the moon.
“We wish to put it aside for a time when we’ve the know-how to (re)deploy it,” he stated. “As a result of as soon as it’s misplaced it’s misplaced without end. There’s no approach of getting it again.”
Thus far, work on the thought has been funded by means of a grant by NASA. The group has introduced plans to launch extra particulars as they conduct extra analysis, together with how the samples may react to long-term storage in microgravity.
Díaz-Flores Caminero, a doctoral scholar who co-wrote the primary paper on the idea, welcomes the problem. “Multidisciplinary initiatives are laborious on account of their complexity. However I believe the identical complexity is what makes them lovely,” he stated.